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Drilling tools

 

 

STRATEX eccentric overburden system

The Stratex Drill System (SDS) is an overburden drilling system designed for conditions where a cased hole is required. Collapsing holes tend to make overburden drilling expensive, with lost drilling equipment and down time.
Eccentric under reamer-cover

In cooperation with drillers and drilling contractors, the SDS was developed to overcome these problems. The patented eccentric design and the Drop Off Ring (DOR) drill bits enable the drill string and casing to be lowered in the hole simultaneously with a conventional hammer drilling system.

The SDS eccentric designed bit rotates outward and drills a larger diameter hole than the casing, avoiding cave-ins, wash-outs, and other problems common in normal drilling operations in soft and gravel-type strata or loose rock. Since 90% of the world's overburden drilling is in loose strata, potential utilization of the SDS is enormous.

After reaching the designated depth, the SDS reamer-bit is retracted by reversing the direction of the rotation and by applying tension on the reamer-bit, which has a taper and will retract into the casing for easy removal of the entire drill-string. This leaves the casing in place for other applications or for removal at a later date. The SDS method is designed for use with flush joint threaded pipe or welded-type casing and provides a bit size for a wide variety of different casing wall thicknesses.

The PATENTED Stratex Eccentric under reamer system
:
overburden cutaway1. One-piece shank and guide device manufactured from the highest quality material with stringent quality control.
2. Air jets are used to prevent any malfunction of the opening and retraction of the reamer pilot bit operation and the clearing of cuttings above the reamer pilot bit system.
3. Sealed bearing system for ease in rotating the eccentric bit outward or retracting it into the casing.
4. Casing with shoe: Casing may be supplied with plain or threaded ends.
5. Grooved bypass directly above the lock system to clear cuttings and ensure complete drilling face contact.
6. Tapered shoulder on the reamer bit eliminates casing binding and assists in the retracting of the reamer bit into the casing.
7. One-piece reamer and pilot bit manufactured from the highest quality material, with stringent quality control.
8. Gauge protection carbides on heavy duty, one-piece pilot and reamer bit.
9. Dome carbides on heavy duty pilot and reamer bit.

 

 

 

 

 

The Stratex System utilizes a one-piece reamer and pilot bit that moves outward to full open position on an eccentric shaft by rotating a half turn to the right.

This reamer pilot bit system opens a larger diameter hole than the diameter of the casing. The casing is simultaneously lowered into the hole as the reamer pilot bit drills. The pilot bit is rotated at 10 to 40 rpm while drilling with the hammer.

When the designated drilling depth is reached, the reamer pilot bit system is retracted into the casing by applying slight tension and reversing the direction of the drilling rotation. The design of the reamer pilot bit system incorporates a closed bearing method that makes the loss of the pilot bit virtually impossible. This bit system, in the closed position, is easily removed through the casing shoe and casing.

Working
Position

working position

Retracted
Position

retracted position

mini stratex

 

Assembly of the Stratex System

The Stratex Drilling Method is used with air rotary drilling rigs and most manufacturers' downhole hammers. The drill rod is connected to the rig top drive using a changeover sub or swivel sub. The drill rod is then connected to the down-hole hammer by the same method. The chuck nut and split rings are removed to insert the guide device shank and secured by replacing the split rings and chuck nut.

The reamer bit, in the closed position, is now inserted into the casing shoe. Since the percussion hammer is at the bottom of the hole, working directly above the drill bit, the force to pull down the casing tube is transferred by way of the casing shoe. The exhaust air from the drill redirects the loose cuttings up through the groves on the guide device, forcing them up between the drill rod and the casing wall out through the discharge head, which is attached to the casing tube. By using a discharge head, drilling is not only safer but also environmentally cleaner. Stratex can be used with foam or water to aid in cutting removal.

 

1. One-piece reamer and pilot bit
2. One-piece guide device and shank
3. Casing with shoe sleeve
4. Casing
5. Wing-nut centralizing system
6. Drill rod
7. Casing adapter
8. Discharge head
9. Swivel sub

 

stratex system assembly

Good Flushing
Good Flushing is essential with any successful drilling operation or in using an overburden drilling system. The Stratex System provides air jets above and below the guide device, creating a vacuum across the face of the reamer bit, removing the cuttings with greater annular velocity. The gauge carbides along the side of the pilot and reamer bit act to crush the cuttings into finer particles, the majority of which are removed from the hole. The remaining cuttings are forced back into the walls of the cavity, leaving less material to be extracted from the hole.
Air velocity is important for efficient hole cleaning. A minimum return air velocity of 4000 feet per minute is desirable. Annular space between drill pipe and the drilled hole as well as compressor capacity determines the air velocity. The annular air velocity in foot per minute can be calculated with the following formula if air consumption and annular area are known:

annular
                velocity

The following flushing mediums are also useful:

Air with water injection
Air with foam injection

NOTE: Foam has the ability to lift cuttings and stabilizes the wall of the hole and provides lubrication for easier casing penetration. Foam also has good drilling performance in most types of clay.

Telescopic Drilling
Using a telescoping drilling method can achieve deeper depths.

Some string samples are as follows: 365 240 190 140 90
  365 215 165 115  
365 215 140 90

 

 


Casing depths with Stratex can reach 500 feet or more with the down-hole hammer versions depending on the type of formation, drilling equipment, and drilling personnel experience.

Hole Depth

Stratex System (mm) 70 80 90 115 140 165 190
Normal Max - Hole Depth (m) 61 76 91 152 152 152 152


 


 

air pressure gauge
Recommended Maximum Air Pressure for Stratex Drill Systems

The maximum recommended air pressure for Stratex drilling with down-hole hammers is 12 bar, which equals 210 psi.

Rotation speed depends on the size of the Stratex bit and the formation being drilled. The rotation speed may have to be varied as the formation changes. The table shows recommended rotation speeds for the various Stratex sizes.


Recommended Rotation Speeds
 

Stratex System (mm) 70 80 90 115 140 165 190 215 240 280
Speed (rpm) 20-40 10-25

 

 


Minimum Torque
Drill rigs must have sufficient torque for drilling with Stratex. The table shows recommended rotation speeds for the various Stratex bit sizes.

Stratex System (mm) 70 80 90 115 140 165 190 215 240 280
Minimum Torgue (lb/ft) 570 600 663 1470 2200 2950 4000 4000 4000 7000
Minimum Torgue (N.m) 772 812 898 1991 2979 3995 5417 5417 5417 9480


 


 

 

Stratex Over Burden Drilling Tool: Size and Technical Chart (inch)

Tool Size

Casing Sizes

Drive Shoe I.D.
 

(B)

Drive Shoe Length
 

(C)

Guide to Casing Distance
 

(D)

Reamed Diameter
 

(E)

Bit
Size

 

(F)

Guide to Casing Distance
 

(D)

O.D.
 

(A)

Walls
 

(S)

70
3.50
.216
2.750
2.5
4.25
3.75
2.75
2.968
80
4.0
.237
3.156
2.75
4.5
4.375
3
3.437
90
4.5
.247
3.650
3.5
5
5
3.5
3.937
110
5.562
.375
4.375
5.5
7.50
6.125
4.25
4.75
115
5.562
.258
4.575
5.5
7.50
6.125
4.25
4.937
132
6.625
.432
5.188
5
7.75
7.5
4.875
5.593
140
6.625
.280
5.575
5
7.75
7.5
5.125
5.937
142
7
.498
5.575
5
7.625
7.875
5.25
5.875
150
7
.272
5.937
5
7.625
7.875
5.25
6.375
160
7.625
.500
6.036
5.5
8.25
8.75
6.125
6.500
165
7.625
.301
6.575
5.5
8.25
8.75
6.25
6.937
180
8.625
.500
7.075
6
8.75
10
6.75
7.535
190
8.625
.277
7.575
6
8.75
10
7.375
7.937
200
9.625
.500
7.937
6
9
11
7.625
8.437
210
9.625
.342
8.312
6
9
11
8
8.845
215
10
.250
8.625
6
9
11
8
9.250
230
10.75
.500
9.050
7
10.25
11.75
8.75
9.625
235
10.75
.365
9.275
7
10.25
11.75
9
9.890
250
11.75
.500
10
7
10.75
13.25
9.625
10.62
260
11.75
.375
10.25
7
10.75
13.25
10
10.87
280
12.75
.500
10.937
7
11
14.5
10.625
11.56

 


Stratex Over Burden Drilling Tool: Size and Technical Chart (mm)
 

Tool Size

Casing Sizes

Drive Shoe I.D.
 

(B)

Drive Shoe Length
 

(C)

Guide to Casing Distance
 

(D)

Reamed Diameter
 

(E)

Bit
Size

 

(F)

Guide to Casing Distance
 

(D)

O.D.
 

(A)

Walls
 

(S)

70
88.9
.216
2.750
2.5
4.25
3.75
2.75
2.968
80
101.6
.237
3.156
2.75
4.5
4.375
3
3.437
90
114.3
.247
3.650
3.5
5
5
3.5
3.937
110
141.3
.375
4.375
5.5
7.50
6.125
4.25
4.75
115
141.3
.258
4.575
5.5
7.50
6.125
4.25
4.937
132
168.3
.432
5.188
5
7.75
7.5
4.875
5.593
140
168.3
.280
5.575
5
7.75
7.5
5.125
5.937
142
177.8
.498
5.575
5
7.625
7.875
5.25
5.875
150
177.8
.272
5.937
5
7.625
7.875
5.25
6.375
160
193.7
.500
6.036
5.5
8.25
8.75
6.125
6.500
165
193.7
.301
6.575
5.5
8.25
8.75
6.25
6.937
180
219.1
.500
7.075
6
8.75
10
6.75
7.535
190
219.1
.277
7.575
6
8.75
10
7.375
7.937
200
244.5
.500
7.937
6
9
11
7.625
8.437
210
244.5
.342
8.312
6
9
11
8
8.845
215
250.4
.250
8.625
6
9
11
8
9.250
230
273.0
.500
9.050
7
10.25
11.75
8.75
9.625
235
273.0
.365
9.275
7
10.25
11.75
9
9.890
250
298.5
.500
10
7
10.75
13.25
9.625
10.62
260
298.5
.375
10.25
7
10.75
13.25
10
10.87
280
323.8
.500
10.937
7
11
14.5
10.625
11.56

 

The Stratex DROP-OFF RING UNDER REAMER


Used when concentric drilling is a requirement.

• High performance drilling
• One piece reamer
• One-piece guide device
• Made from tough heat-treated alloy steel
• Studded with an aggressive array of tungsten carbide inserts
• Lower drilling costs per foot
• Guaranteed performance*
• Guaranteed service
• Large range of accessories
• Manufactured under strict quality-controlled conditions
* When used in conjunction with manufacturer’s recommendations and specifi cations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOOL SIZE

CASING
OD (IN) A

NOMINAL
CASING
SIZE (IN)

CASING
WALL
 

CASING
SHOW I/D
B

HOLE
DIA.
C

70mm 3.5 3.0 .216 2.75 3.75
80mm 4.0 3.5 .266 3.125 4.875
90mm 4.5 4.0 .237 3.625 5.0
115mm 5.563 5.0 .258 4.5 6.125
165mm 6.625 6.0 .280 5.5 7.5
140mm 7.625 7.0 .301 6.5 8.75
190mm 8.625 8.0 .322 7.5 9.75
210mm 9.625 9.0 .342 8.350 11.0
*215mm 10.0 9.5 .250 8.625 11.125
240mm 10.75 10.0 .365 9.525 11.25

 

Overburden Drill System THE STRATEX CENTRO


The latest concentric under-reamer* used for large diameter requirements.

• High performance drilling
• 5 retractable wings
• Made from tough heat-treated alloy steel
• Studded with an aggressive array of
tungsten carbide inserts
• Lower drilling costs per foot
• Guaranteed performance**
• Guaranteed service
• Large range of accessories
• Qualifi ed, dedicated staff
• Manufactured under strict quality-controlled conditions
• Sizes from 20”
• Custom sizes available

 

 

TOOL
SIZE

CASING SIZES

DRIVE
SHOE

DRIVE
SHOE
LENGTH

GUIDE TO
CASING
DIST.

REAMED
DIAMETER

GUIDE
O.D.

DIM (mm)

Nominal
Size

O.D.

MAX WELL

 

 

 

 

 

460 20 20000 0.500 18.125 9.000 14.00 21.250 18.750
510 22 22000 0.500 20.125 10.000 15.50 23.250 20.750
560 24 24000 0.500 22.125 10.000 15.50 25.250 22.750
610 26 26000 0.500 24.125 11.000 16.50 27.250 24.750
660 28 28000 0.500 26.125 12.000 17.50 29.250 26.750
710 30 30000 0.500 27.875 12.000 19.00 32.500 *
760 32 32000 0.500 29.875 14.000 21.00 34.500 *
810 34 34000 0.500 31.875 14.000 21.50 36.500 36.620
860 36 36000 0.500 33.750 14.000 23.00 38.500 *
1000 42 42000 0.500 39.375 16.000 * 44.500 *
1150 48 48000 0.500 45.375 16.000 * 51.00 *



* Patent Pending. ** When used in conjunction with manufacturer’s recommendations and specifications.



 

 

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